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What Does Information Security Really Mean?

Information SecurityDefining Information Security can be difficult, especially for CEOs and upper-level decision makers. While you know that you don’t want the thousands of employee records, customer payment files and sales data you’ve amassed to fall into the hands of hackers, that’s not all you need to worry about.

The following is a quick primer on what Information Security really entails.

Keeping Data Safe

There are numerous kinds of threats to the integrity of your corporate data. These include unauthorized use, access, viewing and sharing as well as disruption and destruction among other things. Each of these broad threat categories can manifest in numerous real-world situations, such as arson, employee theft or corporate espionage. Click here to learn more about options for increasing the security of your network.

As a general rule, any event that limits your access to your own information or makes it available to others outside your organization represents a potential Information Security breach.

How Does One Stop Security Breaches?

Because there are so many kinds of security threats, there are naturally different types of controls to prevent losses. Logical controls rely on software that oversees access to vital systems. Administrative controls create guidelines and standardized procedures for data use or interaction. Physical controls monitor access to the actual facilities where data is used and stored. Each of these categories is important in its own right.

Of course, you can’t simply implement your own homegrown, comprehensive security solution and expect it to work. The thousands of potential threats make that tactic impossible. That’s why it’s important that any Information Security mechanisms you put in place are industry-tested and approved for use well before you actually have to rely on them.

Where Do Cyber Security Standards Come From?

In the U.S., the Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) develops standards along with test metrics, validations and guideline publications. Internationally, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) develops standards with similar bodies in around 157 countries.

Most employers look to certifying bodies like CompTIA®. This Department of Defense-approved body publishes technical specifications and testing guidelines for professionals who want to improve their security credentials. As an employer, you can use these kinds of certification credentials to gauge how well potential hires will be able to keep your data safe. Explore CompTIA course offerings.

Implementing Information Security training is also important. For instance, if your office facility suffers a break in, your security staff needs to know that they should lock down the data center if it isn’t automatically secured. Simple steps like these may save you from losing vital information, and organization-wide training is the only way to ensure that everyone is onboard with the program.

Ashford Global IT (AGIT) provides a range of IT training for industry-standard security programs. View the course schedule to find the right training for your business.


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Mary is a leading trainer in Microsoft® and Business Applications.

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